New Paper Examines Pontic Roots of Ireland

Black Sea into Bronze Age EuropeA new study that looked into the origins of the Irish race revealed that the people who migrated to the land that would become Ireland potentially came from the Near East and Southern Europe, including the Pontic Steppe.

The report was conducted by faculty of the Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland and from the School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology at Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast Northern Ireland.

Researchers conducted whole genome studies on remains of individuals from two distinct eras. Studies on a female from the Neolithic Age (3343-3020 B.C.) show that the first farmers in Ireland could have originated from the Near East. Evidence found by examining three bodies from the Bronze Age millennium later shows that there could be roots from the Pontic Steppe in the second wave of migration.

“Three Bronze Age individuals from Rathlin Island (2026–1534 cal BC), including one high coverage (10.5×) genome, showed substantial Steppe genetic heritage indicating that the European population upheavals of the third millennium manifested all of the way from southern Siberia to the western ocean,” the researchers note.